The United States and Canada have been researching and discussing the possible termination of their mutual International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures 15 (ISPM 15) exemptions for solid wood packaging materials (SWPM) for about two and a half years. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) have recently announced that both countries will move forward with a phased-in approach to removing the exemptions between our two countries. While final dates for the rules have not yet been published, it is expected that full enforcement will likely take effect by January of 2013.
The primary purpose of the ISPM 15 is to prevent the international transport and spread of disease and insects that could negatively affect plants or ecosystems, and has been mandated in many countries over the past decade. Untreated wood poses a significant risk of introducing non-native plant pests. Because wood packaging materials (WPM) are frequently reused, the origin of a particular piece of wood can be difficult to determine.
The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) defines WPM as wood or wood products used in supporting, protecting, or carrying a commodity, and includes dunnage, crating, pallets, packing blocks, drums, cases and skids or pallets. The regulation does not affect manufactured wood material, loose wood packing materials, or wood less than 6mm thick - this would include alternatives such as paper, oriented strand board (OSB) or hardboard.Firms who currently import or export merchandise from or into the United States or Canada are already quite familiar with the requirement for all packaging material to be:
- Either fumigated with methyl bromide or heat treated
- Stamped or branded with an approved mark from an accredited inspection agency
While both the U.S. and Canada ceded to the ISPM 15 in 2005, agreed exemptions were made for WPM derived from trees harvested in either of the two countries, never having been moved outside of the two countries, and are still subject to inspection & other requirements of each country.
It is expected that while final enforcement may not come into effect until 2013, an “informed compliance” period will provide shippers and exporters ample time to fully understand and make necessary preparations to comply with the requirements. Once the informed compliance phase is in place, it is expected that verbal or written notifications will be provided to either the broker, forwarder or importer. Once that phase has expired, enforced compliance will follow, which will dis-allow shipments with non-compliant material entrance to the country of destination.Importers, exporters, wood packaging manufacturers and carriers will all be affected by these regulations. We will continue to keep you abreast of the changes as they are published, and we welcome your comments and questions.